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Glial Cells bring an increased understanding of learning and the brain.  Long thought of only as the 'glue' that kept the neuronal structure of the brain together, increasing numbers of scientists are reporting that glial cells, particularly astrocytes and oligodendrocytes, are just as important as neurons and could be the root of our cognitive function.

Recent studies on brain function are concentrating on 8 different glial cells and much has been learned.

1. Glial cells have been shown to be as numerous as neurons in the human brain. 

2. Scientists have learned that the glial cells control functions of the neurons in the brain.  Glial cells communicate with each other, as well as neurons, through a variety of biochemical processes that travel through brain fluids that lie both inside and outside brain cells.

3. The fluid dynamics of glial cell information transmission adds layers of complexity onto our old understanding of the brain which is based on neurons and pathways and specific brain functions.  The inclusion of glial cells suggest a brain model where the entire brain works as a blended whole.

4. Glial cells add more to our knowledge of the brain and how it works. Our understanding of the human ability to think is shifting away from relying only on the old neuron model to include the influence of glial cells.  But it is important to remember that even today, no one knows how children learn and no one knows where thought comes from.
A Model of Learning 
Adding Glial Cell Function
 to the Neuronal Brain Model
Suggested Reading:

The Other Brain by R.D. Fields (2009)

The Root of Thought by A. Koob (2009)

Suggested Videos:

Why do we need a new brain model?

8 pages of an easy-to-read INTRODUCTION to GLIAL CELLS that explains the neuron model of the brain that schools use today, and asks if new brain research might lead to new and better ideas.

A short introduction to Glial Cells and Education 

The Neuro-Glial Pool model of learning provides a biological model to justify what parents have known all along. Children thrive and learn with attention. Every child learns differently and with intention. Children are naturally curious and want to remember and understand. Learning happens with mistakes. All children need love and praise as much as they need discipline and direction. Each child needs to find what they are best at. The entirety of one's experiences blend together to shape and make a person what they are. Children and parents and school must all work together to help the new generation meet the challenges of the workplace and have a good life. 

Children aren't failing school as much as schools are failing children.

Parents are in the best position 
to help change education.